What Is the Proper Piano Hand Position?

Ensuring the right position while playing the piano can affect your performance more than you think. Therefore, we wanted to share this fundamental with you in this article. Below, you are going to find detailed information on how to ensure the proper piano hand position and some tips and tricks you may want to know.

Ensuring the Right Position for Your Hands

Players need to pay attention to more than their hands to ensure the right position. For example, a true posture is a must. Otherwise, you will never be able to achieve the perfect position for your hands. Below, you are going to find some tips and tricks to do so.

How Should Your Posture Be?

You need to sit on the edge of your chair. This will help you to easily reach the pedals and use them. In addition to this, it will also create the optimum position for your arms, elbows, and shoulders, which we will mention in the following section. Also, you need to sit still making your back straight.

Pay Attention to Your Elbow, Arm, and Shoulder

You need to keep your elbows in front of you while aligning your shoulders and head. Your elbows should not be too far away from your body, you can put them forward slightly so that you can easily move your arms and hands without any challenge. Moreover, you need to relax your arms and shoulders for a smooth movement capability while playing the piano.

The Proper Piano Hand Position

Assuming that you already know the numbers for your fingers, we will not provide in-depth information about them. If you do not know, you can check our other articles on how to play piano to learn them in detail.


Whether you are a left-handed or right-handed person, you need to place your number 1 finger on middle C. Depending on your preferred hand, the rest of your fingers should rest on the keys in the line. If you are going to use both of your hands, then your left-hand needs to shift one key away so that you can play the piano efficiently.

As you keep playing the piano, you may need to pull your number one finger, which is your thumb, under your palm. This will provide you great convenience while playing.

You need to keep in mind that your long fingers, which are 2, 3, and 4, will also reach to black keys. In general, you will never use your short fingers on these keys. They must be on the longer keys all the time.

Another thing that you need to pay attention to is your both hands should be symmetrical all the time.


If you follow this guide, you will be surprised how it will be easy for you to play your piano. This is the optimum position for your body and hands to improve your performance. You need to keep these in mind every time you start playing your instrument until you develop the required muscle memory.

Frequently Asked Questions

How many hand positions are there for piano?

The piano is a challenging instrument to master and requires a lot of practice. To play piano, both hands must work together and use 9 different hand positions. To ensure that you know how to do a hand position correctly, you need to pay attention to your finger placement and the key order.

How do you know which finger to use when playing piano?

The short answer is that it doesn’t matter which finger you use. The long answer is that it depends on what you’re playing. For example, if you are playing a fast scale, with many notes in each hand, then the thumb may be more suitable as the fingers might not be able to keep up.

Which fingers should hit which keys?

There are many different ways to play the piano, but the most common technique is called one hand at a time. The fingers on each hand should be staggered so that the thumb of one hand is opposite to the little finger of the other. The keys your fingers should hit can vary depending on the scale you are playing.