What Are the Strings on a Violin?

Unlike other string instruments, the violin is played by using a stick or bow. This puts more pressure on the strings and thus, it is important to know more about the strings of a violin. All strings need to be changed as time passes due to various factors and violins are not an exception. This is why we wanted to prepare this guide on violin strings for you. Here is what you need to know about these strings.

4+1 Strings of a Violin

The violin plays the sound whenever the strings meet with the bow. Although all strings on the violins look the same, they have different dimensions, sizes, and shapes from each other. Depending on the size of your instrument, the number of strings can also vary. In general, most of the violins have four strings but some models can also have the fifth string.

If you are a beginner, then we recommend you not to buy violins with the fifth string. This string is usually preferred by professional players for more versatility while they are playing their instruments. You will not need it for some years, and it can make the learning process more challenging for you. Below, you can find out all these strings we have compiled for you.

String E

This string is the lowest string, which offers the lowest pitch sound in your instrument. It is also located on the leftmost side of your instrument while you are holding it ready to play. You use your index finger to press it.

String A

This one is located next to the string E. As you can guess it also offers the lowest pitch sound but not as low as string E. You use your middle finger to press it.

String D

It is located next to string A, and you need to press it with your ring finger to play sound.

String G

This is the last string on many standard violins. As a result, it is located on the rightmost side of your instrument. It will be worth noting that it provides a flat sound.

String C

This one is the optional string, and you may not have it on your instrument depending on its model and size. If you are a beginner, then it is not recommended to buy violins with this string. This one is only for professional players.

When Should You Change Your Violin Strings?

This depends on many factors such as the quality of your strings, how often you play them and how well you took care of them. In general, you need to change your strings every year. You should not forget to wipe the strings after you play your instrument too.


In short, you need to pay attention to the care of your strings to prolong the lifetime of your instruments. Regular maintenance of your instrument is always a great idea as in all tools. If you are looking for detailed information on how to play the violin, you can visit our Detailed Violin Tabs Guide for Beginners article too.

Frequently Asked Questions

How many strings on a violin?

It’s not easy to answer this question because it depends on the type of violin. The violins generally have four strings, but the number of strings can change from one violin to the other. For example, some violins are produced with five strings while others have six strings.

How to put strings on a violin?

Putting strings on a violin is like putting clothes on a mannequin – it needs to be done step by step. First, the violin must be tuned. Then, the bridge must be raised to its ideal position. After that, the instrument must be placed on its back and a string must be threaded through the tailpiece.

What are violin strings called?

The strings of a violin are tuned to A, D, G, and the E strings are either tuned up or down from these. These notes also give provide the names of each individual string. Violin strings have a large impact on the sound quality of the instrument.