Piano Key Names You Need to Know Before Playing

Can you speak any foreign language without knowing its alphabet? Of course, not! Just like a foreign language, you also need to know the basics of piano before playing it. Therefore, we wanted to prepare this guide on piano key names for one of the easiest instrument to learn in the world. You can consider these as the alphabet of your piano. Moreover, these keys also refer the certain notes and octaves, which will help you to play the instrument and melodies you want. You can also visit our What Is the Easiest Instrument to Learn guide to learn more about your other options.

Importance of Knowing Piano Key Names

We have already and briefly mentioned the importance of knowing piano key names in the previous paragraph. However, let’s elaborate on it in this section. It is impossible for anyone to play music without any notes. This is the nature of music, and you need to play certain notes at certain lengths to create melodies which we call music. At this point, piano key names are essential because they help you to teach the notes on your instruments. If you are a beginner and piano will be your first instrument, then we highly recommend paying attention to the following heading.

What Are Piano Key Names?


Although your instrument may have plenty of keys, the key names are limited to 7. These are C, D, E, F, G, A, and B. This pattern is repeated all the time. The only difference is sometimes this pattern is made of sharp or flat notes. In general, you are responsible for 12 notes while playing your piano. The black keys always correspond to flat or sharp notes that come before and after them. It is considered a sharp note of the previous key and a flat note of the next key. We have shared some detailed images, which will help you to understand the concept better.


Octaves and Piano Key Names

So, how can you create different sounds when the same 7-note pattern is repeated? It is quite simple. All notes located on the left side of a certain note have a lower pitch. Just the same way, all notes located on the right side of a certain note have a higher pitch. This fact helps you to benefit from different octaves while you are playing your piano. Learning piano key names will significantly contribute to your ability to read notes on the sheets and play them. Although this concept looks very easy, you may need to practice often to fully get it. Once you get it, you can practice your skills and achieve a better progression in your learning process. We believe you may be interested in us How to Tune a Piano guide too.



We have provided a fundamental guide for one of the best instrument to learn. If you follow this guide, you can easily master your skills and challenge yourself with more advanced practice sessions. You can also check our Top 20 Easiest Instrument to Learn article to find more instruments you can play like a piano.